Thursday, October 1, 2009

Typhoon Survival 101

HOW TO PREPARE FOR A FLOOD

Put together a supply kit or your very own typhoon survival kit including:

Clear drinking WATER. Good enough for a week. Consider having at least 1 gallon per person. Consider: juices in packs, carbonated drinks, coffee.

FOOD Also good enough for a week. Consider:
  • Snacks that are ready0to-eat, easy to store and carry (biscuits, cookies)
  • Non-perishable canned food (corned beef, tuna, pork and beans, vienna sausage, etc.)
  • Candies to maintain sugar in body and keep acidity at bay
  • Bread that will last for a few days, for carbo load
  • Instant noodles, if you have the means to cook
  • IMPORTANT: food for babies and the elderly if you have some staying with you
food utensils (spoons,can opener,etc.)
first aid and medicines
sleeping bags or bedding
personal items you must have for health and safety
toiletries
include toothpaste, toothbrushes, soap.
blankets, towels, comforters, pillows.
You can put them in large garbage bags to keep from getting wet.
extra clothes and underwear.
Put them in plastic bags to avoid from getting wet. If you can, pack something that will last you for a few days.
Jackets, sweaters, socks, caps,
rain gear and warm clothing and anything else that will keep you warm and dry.
Emergency lights and flashlights

Fresh batteries,
battery-powered flashlights and radio. Have reserves for batteries of different sizes, especially for radios and flashlights. Avoid candles.
Mobile phone.
Make sure the battery is fully charge, and that you have a spare one, too, in case of emergency. Also consider walkie-talkies.
Cash.
Banks and ATMs might not be available so make sure that you have cash with you.
Keys
. Have copies of keys to the front door, back door, garage, car keys, etc.
Items for pets.
Consider also having a leash, muzzle, cage and food for your pets.
Umbrellas and tents

Water pails and dippers

Floatation devices
like life jackets, styrofoams, old tires, etc.
Rope


IMPORTANT DOCUMENTS TO PROTECT

Many people have died trying to go back for these things, so it’s important that you are well-prepared already at this point in time. Keep these documents in a water-proof container:

  1. Birth certificates
  2. Insurance records
  3. Medical records
  4. SSS, Pag-ibig and Philhealth records
  5. Identification cards
  6. Bank account numbers and records
  7. Emergency contact numbers
  8. Contact numbers of family, friends and loved ones

It is important that you have an ID with you wherever you go. Also, a list of people to contact in case something happens to you. If you can, put your emergency contacts on speed dial.

SAFETY during a typhoon

Stay indoors and keep calm. Secure your home. Keep roads clear for emergency vehicles. If your house is in a flood-prone area, go to the nearest designated evacuation center. Have a flashlight and radio handy, with fresh batteries, a first aid kit as well.

Do not use gas or elctrical appliances that have been flooded. If you do stay home, turn off and unplug electric appliances and equipment to avoid possible electrical shorts and fires. Make sure you have adequate protective rain gear to keep warm and dry in case you need to flee. If you are indoors during the storm, stay there. Going outside may expose u to fallen power lines, flying debris that is extremely dangerous.

In case of flooding, turn off the main sources of electricity, gas and water in your home. Unplug all equipment and appliances. Make sure that the main electrical power switch or circuit breaker is turned off. When you need to touch a switch and the floor is still wet, stand on dry board or carton or wear rubber sole boots.


Avoid low-lying areas, riverbanks, creeks and coastal areas, slopes, cliffs and foothills. Rains can trigger landslides, rockslides or mudslides.Avoid wading through flooded areas. Do not attempt to cross flowing streams. Do not operate any electrical equipment during a flood.

For people whose houses have been submerged:

1. Make sure you use CHLOROX or ZONROX for dirt and not just Lysol to kill molds. Then 2. Spray/Fumigate against mosquitoes, otherwise there will be an outbreak of dengue & cholera may follow.

Allow electrical wires, connectors and other wiring devices to dry completely. Drying may take days, depending on how wet the system is and on external temperature. When all electrical wires and accessories are dry and clean, the wiring system must be checked. The appliance itself must be completely dry, serviced or checked by a licensed electrician. Do not turn on damaged electrical appliances.

A new typhoon called Pepeng might become a super typhoon by the time it reaches Northern Luzon and has already left about 139 people stranded in ports and transportation terminals in Legazpi City.

The Bicol region has been put under Storm Signal No. 1 by the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA), but forecaster Mario Palafox warns that as it moves toward Northern Luzon, Pepeng could become a super typhoon with its strong winds, saying in Filipino, “Its winds are now 150 kph, near 180 kph, which is the minimum wind speed for it to be considered a super typhoon.”

It is estimated that Pepeng, which has winds that are twice as strong as Ondoy, will reach Manila by Saturday.


Prepare. Inform. Connect. Help. Remain calm. Pray. We can get through this storm.

If you have more suggestions, please leave them in the comments section.










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